All-Black Racing Yacht Made Possible with Functional Pigments
The new racing yacht of the fashion house HUGO BOSS may not be the fastest sailing boat in the world, but one thing is certain: skippers and sailing fans around the world are not able to ignore this state-of-the-art yacht. Alex Thomson Racing’s new IMOCA 60 racing yacht – also sponsored by the premium automobile brand Mercedes-Benz – is the first entirely black IMOCA 60 yacht in the world. This was made possible by painting the deck with a coating developed by BASF, which is based on the company’s functional pigments. The yacht, skippered by leading British sailor Alex Thomson, competed in its first Ocean Masters World Championship Race, The Transat Jacques Vabre, in October of last year.
Yachts that feature black sails or a black hull are not altogether new. A deck structure that is entirely black, however, is a novelty because heavy sun exposure tends to heat up the dark surfaces enormously. This can lead to a heat build-up in the cabins below deck, which would make living conditions onboard extremely uncomfortable and can even affect the structural integrity of the composite materials. Hence, it was decided to use the functional pigments made by BASF to formulate the coating. They ensure that surfaces that are painted in dark colors can remain significantly cooler on hot days as they reflect rather than absorb heat. The ship builders used the special pigments that are sold under the Paliogen® brand, which are transparent for near infrared light (NIR), as well as functional NIR-reflecting pigments from the Sicopal® range.
Solar Heat Management
The pigments are an innovative solution for solar heat management: through their use, the dark surfaces of the deck reflect a large part of the sunlight that they are exposed to. The sunbeams penetrate the base coat while the filler below reflects the sunlight and ensures that the temperatures on the coated surfaces as well as inside the boat are significantly lower than they would be if conventional black pigments had been used.
“The black coating of the deck has been made possible by the development of this coating technology based on functional pigments,” explains Arno Tuchbreiter, Head of Pigment Marketing for Industrial Coatings at BASF. “Otherwise, the radiation of the sun would lead to an unbearable build-up of heat in the windowless cabin and the interior of the boat. The deck too would become too hot and people would struggle to walk on it barefooted without getting burned.”
Great Potential in the Automotive Sector
The paint, based on functional pigments, is not only suitable for yachts and ships, but is also highly interesting to the automotive sector. “Mercedes-Benz has been involved in the development process at BASF from the very start, and we have conducted extensive testing of this paint on our vehicles. Our intention is to use it on various models over the next few years,” says Martin Bremer, Head of Color and Trim Mercedes-Benz Design. Because the vehicle interior heats up considerably less, there is a lower requirement for cooling by the air conditioning system. This will have a particularly positive effect on fuel consumption in countries with high average temperatures, at the same time reducing vehicles’ CO2 emissions.
The HUGO BOSS racing yacht, designed by the French company VPLP/Verdier, had its unique black aesthetical design created by Konstantin Grcic, a world-famous industrial designer. The yacht was launched in September 2015. “We were delighted to work with renowned industrial designer Konstantin Grcic on this project and we were very keen to ensure we could deliver his creative vision,” says Stewart Hosford, Managing Director of sports consultancy 5 West Ltd. “Working with BASF has allowed us to create a truly unique design that would have not otherwise been possible without BASF’s technical capability and ability to deliver.”
BASF is now also official partner of the offshore yacht racing team Alex Thomson Racing. The yacht’s first race (the Transat Jacques Vabre) ended in disappointment when the ship was damaged by a rouge wave and the team had to withdraw. After repair work is finished, Alex Thomson will compete with the boat in further races this year – the big aim is the Vendée Globe Race in November 2016, a 26,000-mile, nonstop, solo race around the world. BASF and Alex Thomson Racing have signed a two-year partnership, which will include Thomson’s 2016 Vendée Globe campaign. BASF and Alex Thomson Racing will work together on the marketing of the pigments and the development of new design concepts.
For more information, visit www.dispersions-pigments.basf.com.